Textile painting and resist-dyeing
These representation techniques are based on impregnation. In textile painting, pigments are applied to the surface of the cloth using brushes made of hair and/or feathers, or are stamped on with ceramic or wooden stamps. In resist painting, metal templates are used or mud and/or wax are applied to protect the fabric during the painting process.
In resist-dyeing, in contrast, certain areas of the textile surface are blocked by tying, pleating or applying impermeable substances to prevent the dye from impregnating the entire surface in the dye bath.