The Inka occupation of Chile began in the early 15th Century and left a legacy of countless settlements, mines, cemeteries and ceremonial sites, from the Lluta Valley in the country’s far north almost to the gates of Rancagua in Central Chile. This evidence reminds us that at one time almost half of our territory belonged to the continent’s most powerful empire and was occupied by people from the furthest reaches of the Andean region who accompanied the conquerors from Cuzco. Indeed, this multifaceted ethnic amalgamation still runs, in one way or another, through the veins of each and every living Chilean.